This is the "Fair Use" page of the "ART, ARCHITECTURE AND ART HISTORY" guide.
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Image Credit: CHAGALL Marc |Couple with a Goat. |1911 Russian|Expressionist. Used under a Creative Commons license courtesy of WorldImages (
Last Updated: Mar 14, 2016 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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  • Copyright [via University of California]
    "As both creators and users of copyrighted and public domain materials, members of the UC academic community should understand and responsibly exercise the rights accorded them under U.S. copyright law.

    The information provided on this site is intended as a guide to copyright at the University of California, and should not be taken as legal advice."
  • Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for the Visual Arts [via College Art Association]
    "This Code of Best Practices provides visual-arts professionals with a set of principles addressing best practices in the fair use of copyrighted materials. It describes how fair use can be invoked and implemented when using copyrighted materials in scholarship, teaching, museums, archives, and in the creation of art."
  • Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States [via Cornell University]
    An excellent summary of when copyrighted works enter the public domain. Author: Peter B. Hirtle
  • Digital Image Rights Computator (DIRC) [via the Visual Resources Association]
    The DIRC is an interactive decision tree program to help you determine what you need to do to legally use a specific image for a specific purpose. At each stage it has a brief description of the issue at hand as well as links for more detailed discussions of those issues.
  • Copyright, Museums, and Licensing of Art Images [Columbia University]
    Kenneth Crews, director of the Columbia University Copyright Advisory Office and Melissa A. Brown recently (June, 2011)published a series of studies on this subject. Topics include:

    “Control of Museum Art Images: The Reach and Limits of Copyright and Licensing”
    “Art Image Copyright and Licensing: Compilation and Summary of Museum Policies”
    “Art Image Copyright and Licensing: Terms and Conditions Governing Reproduction and Distribution”
    “Art Image Copyright and Licensing: Terms and Conditions Governing Appearance and Composition of Images”
    “Art Image Copyright and Licensing: Terms and Conditions Governing Third Party Rights”
    “Art Image Copyright and Licensing: Bibliography”

    This work was funded by a grant from the Samuel H. Kress Foundation.

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