Chicago style is most frequently used within the field of history, although it is used by other humanities-based disciplines as well. The first edition of the Manual was published in 1906 by the Unversity of Chicago Press.
Chicago style offers two options for in text documentation:
1. Superscript numbers within a paper to designate paraphrased, summarized, or quoted material, which correspond to footnotes or endnotes that specify the author, title, and page(s) cited.
2.(Author Date) parenthetical citations within a paper to indicate paraphased, summarized or quoted material.
In both cases, the Bibliography at the end of the paper includes full citations for all sources referenced in a paper. In addition, it may include sources the writer consulted but did not paraphrase, summarize or quote.
Consult the Chicago Manual of Style as the definitive source for Chicago citation rules.
Turabian's Manual for Writers follows Chicago-style conventions and is published specifically to meet the needs of student writers.
Visit these reputable sources for examples of Chicago style citations:
These free tools prompt you to enter in the components of a citation, and configure the elements according to Chicago guidelines. Make sure you verify the accuracy of your results by consulting the Manual of Style!