This is the "APA" page of the "Citation Guides" guide.
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Citation Guides  

Last Updated: Jan 18, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

APA Print Page

About APA

APA citation style is most frequently used in the social and behavioral sciences (psychology, education, anthropology, social work, etc).

The first style rules were published in 1929. The American Psychological Association has produced 6 editions of the Publication Manual in the ensuing 80+ years.

APA style relies on in text citations (author, date) for paraphrased, summarized, or quoted material within a paper. In text citations correspond to sources in the References list at the end of the paper.


What is a DOI?

Digital Object Identifiers are unique identifiers that may be assigned to published articles. Their purpose is ensure persistant access to online content.

Example: doi:10.1016/j.jslw.2003.08.2004

If a DOI is available, you should include it in your APA citation.


Style Manual

Consult the Publication Manual as the definitive source for APA citation rules:

Cover Art
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) - American Psychological Association
Call Number: Shields Library Humanities/Social Sciences Reference BF76.7 .P83 2010 (Lib Use Only)
ISBN: 1433805596
Additional copies are available:

Shields Reserves WZ 345 P83 2010 (Two Hour Loan)
Phy Sci Engr Library Reference BF76.7 .P83 2010 (Lib Use Only)
Carlson Health Sci Library Reference WZ 345 P83 2010 (Lib Use Only)

Blaisdell Medical Library Reference WZ 345 P83 2010 (Lib Use Only)
Blaisdell Medical Lib Reserves WZ 345 P83 2010 (One Week Loan)

See also: Supplemental Materials

Recommended Guides

Visit these reputable sources for examples of APA style citations:

Citation Generators

These free tools prompt you to enter in the components of a citation, and configure the elements according to APA guidelines. Make sure you verify the accuracy of your results by consulting the Publication Manual!

  • Citation Builder
    Developed by the North Carolina State University Libraries.
  • KnightCite
    This site is maintained by the Hekman Library at Calvin College in Michigan. Select 'APA' from the Citation Styles menu.
  • NoodleTools Express
    This tool is useful if you only need to generate citations for a couple of sources.
  • Son of Citation Machine
    Select the type of source you are citing and complete the web form. For books, you can enter an ISBN to populate the form automatically.

Research Tip

Many of the library's subscription article databases will generate a formatted citation for you.

Be sure to look for Cite options in your database search results!


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