About the Agriculture Census
The census of agriculture originated as part of the 1820 decennial census, when U.S. marshals began to ask how many people within each household were engaged in agricultural pursuits. In 1840, marshals began using separate census schedules to collect data related to agriculture.
The census of agriculture continued to be conducted during the same year as the decennial census of population until 1950. Between 1954 and 1974, the U.S. Census Bureau conducted the census of agriculture in years ending in "4" and "9."
Following the census of agriculture in 1978, the Census Bureau and the U.S. Department of Agriculture decided to conduct this census in years ending in "2" and "7." In 1997, Congress transferred bugetary responsibility for the census of agriculture to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
The latest data is from the 2007 Census of Agriculture.
Bureau of the Census catalog of publications, 1790-1972, with classification numbers includes Census of Agriculture Publications; it's a guide to everything published. Shields Library Humanities/Social Sciences Reference Z7554.U5 U6 1974. Also known as "Dubester" for the editor: Henry J. Dubester. The catalog includes Library of Congress Classification numbers for each volume, and our print volumes will usually use the same classification number. This is a complete list of everything published by Census during this time period. Online version is from Hathitrust.
Shields Library has historical Agriculture Census volumes in print. Check Harvest Catalog for print volumes.